Red Gum woodlands are low lying freshwater dependant woodlands that provide critical hollow and nesting refuges for a high density of insectivorous bird communities. Red gums are often indicators of high quality freshwater distribution in the landscape.
The River Red Gum woodland (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) is a regionally threatened plant community, some of which is protected in Bascombe Well and Shannon Conservation Parks. The River Red Gum is restricted to environments where the soil is moist to a considerable depth, indicating a dependence on the hydrology and groundwater basins beneath the parks.
Less than 25% of remaining woodlands are represented in the reserve system, further highlighting the importance of protecting these woodlands on private land.
Threatened or Important Species
Woodland Birds dependant on nesting Hollows
Short Beaked Echidna (Tachyglossus aculeatus)
Greater Long-eared Bat (Nyctophilus timoriensis)
Frog species during periods of flooding
Threats to Red Gum Woodlands
- Historical land clearance
- Stock rabbit and kangaroo grazing
- Ground water extraction
- Altered fire regime
- Age classes remaining in landscape – only old trees have hollows and provide improved habitat for some fauna species